Fun Facts

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EU is the world’s largest producer and exporter of wine.

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The European average vineyards are 2ha and most of them form part of Associations

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The EU wine sector had already seen its global market participation drop 18% over the past two decades, due to strong competition from increasingly sophisticated New World wineries

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The EU-27 has seen its global market share decrease from 79% to 61% in the past twenty years. The sector experienced strong download pressure on prices beginning in 2004 due in large part to a 40% annual surplus of mostly lower quality wine with a disproportionate price/quality ratio

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Vineyards with higher yields tend to produce wines of lower quality

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The best wine is generally made with mixtures of grapes with uniform ripeness from low-yield vines, with the optimal balance of leaves to fruit on the vine (generally accepted to be approx. 1kilo of grapes per 1 m2 of exposed leaf area)

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Dacian Cioloş (EC’s agriculture and rural development commissioner) pointed out in March 2012: “We need a realistic evaluation of what could and could not be a system for managing vineyards areas in the context of today’s market realities. In so doing, we must not lose track of two key points – the challenge of wine quality, and the challenge of winegrower revenue”

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Studies show that vineyards which use PV technologies to inform vineyard management decisions report gross retail increases of 7% to 19% in the price of wine in the first year alone, with improving benefits over subsequent years

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Research also shows that precision viticulture is more effective at measuring vineyard characteristics than winegrowers’ knowledge of the terroir given the impossibility of visually inspecting the entire vineyard. The proposed PV technology will be able to increment and share the total knowledge by aggregating that of each winegrowers and socialising its access

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Some of the oldest wine cellars are Château de Goulaine (France), Barone Ricasoli (Italy), Codorniu (Spain), Casa Madero (Mexico)

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Commandaria wine (Cyprus) is recognised by the Guiness Book of World Records as the oldest named wine in the world

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Chianti and Tokaj are the oldest appellations and date form the 18th century

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The world’s oldest wine bottle is exposed in the Historisches Museum der Pfalz (Speyer, Germany) and dates back to the 3rd century

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Approximately 1kg of grapes is needed to produce a wine bottle (75cl)

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The removal of immature bunches is a common practice in viticulture which aims at decreasing the yield whereas improves the ripening and development of the remaining bunches to achieve a higher quality wine

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The terroir is a concrete space influenced by several factors that allows a grape to be distinguished from others. Some of these factors are the clime (microclime, mesoclime and macroclime), the soil (bedrock, structure, composition, depth, fruitfulness, drainage, altitude, slope, basement, etc.) and the biology (variety, leaf surface, etc.)

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Wines from old vines express better than the rest the secrets of a terroir

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Grape phylloxera is a North-American insect affecting vines that caused a wine crisis in Europe in the s. XIX. To solve the problem, European native species were grafted onto vine roots coming from America which were resistant to the pest

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The bubbles of sparkling wines are carbon dioxide gas, produced naturally or injected artificially

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Sunlight, halogen and fluorescent lights are enemies of wine

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Ideally, wine should be preserved in an ambient temperature between 10 and 12 °C and a limit of 20°C. It is very important to avoid sudden changes in temperature

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Wine bottles should be horizontally stored if natural cork stopper are used

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When cooking extremely aromatic or spicy meals it is better to drink lighter wines

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Citrus do not pair well with wines

 

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